Smart Home Basics: Things You Must Know

Robotic vacuum cleaners, smart alarm clocks, and smart coffee makers make our lives easier and more interesting. But these devices alone don’t make a home smart. Here’s what a smart home really is and how it can make your life easier.

What Is a Smart Home

A smart home is a system of automating home devices that perform their actions and can perform tasks without human involvement.

Let’s look at how a smart home works with an example. John wakes up. By the time he wakes up, the blinds are open, the bathroom floor is heated, and the radio is playing in the kitchen. He has breakfast and leaves for work. What are the functions of a smart home?

The house has sensors that respond to rising and falling temperatures. If it gets colder outside and in the house, the sensors read this, the information is sent to a special control center which gives the command to increase the level of heating. When the temperature in the house becomes acceptable, the center cancels its command. In this way, the heat level is maintained at the same level set by the owner.

For security, the house is equipped with a camera that “sees” who comes to the house in the absence of the owner and records this image. If necessary, the intercom will turn on the porch light to better see the visitor. And the owner can also see the images from the cameras during the working day.

When John comes home in the evening, there’s hot coffee waiting for him, and the blinds are closed. The light is not as bright as in the morning, because he has to go to bed soon. Tomorrow he needs to leave on a business trip, so he needs to set the presence function. The house will automatically turn on the lights and radio on a schedule.

For the smart home to start functioning, you need to set the parameters. For example, specify the exact time your computer should start running slots at Cookie Casino, the temperature of the heating, and water from the faucet. If everyone has left the house and suddenly the sensors detect activity, there should be a signal to the security desk.

A higher level is when a smart house is able to make decisions by itself. For example, if the heating is turned off, the house can activate the boiler to heat the room. Or, based on the owner’s frequent actions, the house can suggest a different solution. For example, if the owner watches TV in the evening in the dark, the house can automatically turn off the lights when the TV is on at night.

Purposes of a Smart Home

The main goal is to automate daily household processes, delegating authority to home appliances, special computer programs and controllers. Thanks to such automation it is possible to allocate time and funds for more important things.

At installation of system “clever house” the whole spectrum of problems is solved:

  • Optimization of resource consumption – electricity, water, gas, heating regulation. Saving up to 40% of electricity and up to 30% of heating.
  • Automation of all engineering communications in the house which can function both as a single unit and separately each element.
  • Safety – installation of video surveillance, security and fire subsystems. Motion sensors on the windows and doors can reduce the risk of burglary, if necessary to capture the thief. Also, “smart devices” will signal about gas leakage, pipe leakage, and fire.
  • Comfort – the ability to adjust the amount and brightness of light in the rooms, the air temperature in some rooms, to clean up with a robot vacuum cleaner. The extended functions of comfort can be – control of home cinema, making coffee and other.

What Does a Smart House Include?

If we divide the smart house into areas, it’s possible to allocate control systems of illumination, systems of conditioning, ventilation and heating, systems of safety, and supervision.

There should be three elements in a smart house:

  • The appliances themselves. Coffee makers, speakers, fridges, video cameras, intercoms, and so on.
  • Sensors that take in information from the environment

You’ll also need the Internet. To make all the devices work smoothly, you need to combine them into one system with or without wires. These systems can work automatically and can also be controlled by remote control or voice. You can buy separate smart appliances, but it won’t be considered a full-fledged smart home.

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