Different types of cyber security threats

An array of cyber security threats prevail in the world of technology as continually professed by cyber security professionals, and businesses and individuals need to be aware of how to protect themselves from such threats.

The major motive of such threats is money and ransomware. Though corporates are the main targets and more vulnerable to such attacks, even individuals are not spared from such threats. The major reason for such threats is that most personal and professional data is stored online, and users tend to use public and insecure networks.

What is a cyber security threat?

Any malicious, unlawful, and inappropriate access to data that damages information or disrupts digital operations is called a cyber security threat. Cyber threats are crimes conducted by people such as disgruntled employees, lone hackers, criminal organizations, hostile nation-states, terrorist groups, hacktivists, corporate spies, and other people.

In recent years have faced a lot of high-profile cyber security threats, which have exposed several sensitive data exposed to the public and the attackers, which are even misused. In most cases, it is concluded that the organization faces a cyber security threat due to its failure to test, retest, and implement technical safeguards such as firewalls, authentication, and encryption. Apart from awareness camps, companies can also encourage employees to sign up for a computer security course to equip themselves better. This makes it easier for Cyber security professionals to assist in keeping the data and information protected.

Types of cyber security threats

The cyber security professionals need to have thorough knowledge about the various cyber security threats as mentioned below:

  • Malware

Worms, viruses, ransomware, and spyware are the different malicious software categorized under malware. When any user clicks on the malicious attachment or link, this software gets downloaded into the user’s system, and the malware gets activated. Such activated malware poses the following threats:

  • The access to key network components is blocked
    • Several other harmful software is installed
    • The data from the hard drive gets transmitted to other sources
    • The system may get inoperable due to individual part damages and disruptions
  • Emotet

Emotet is the most destructive and costly malware. It is defined as a modular and advanced banking Trojan that majorly functions as the dropper or downloader of some other banking Trojans.

  • Denial of service

This cyber-attack makes the network or the computer irresponsive to requests. Cyber attackers use this service to flood the system to disrupt its functioning. The botnet is a kind of denial of service where criminals can infect millions of systems simultaneously with malware, and the attackers can control the same.

  • Man in the middle

When the attackers come in between the two-party transactions, it is called a man-in-the-middle attack. This way, they steal and filter the data by interrupting the traffic. This attack is normally performed when users use the public network. The attackers interrupt the traffic and then install the software in the user system to use the data maliciously.

  • Phishing

The users are sent fake communications such as email and messages and trick them into sharing their sensitive data by performing the predefined instructions. This technique is called phishing.

  • SQL Injection

A malicious code is inserted in this cyber attack in the servers that use SQL, and thus the information is released.

  • Password Attacks

The attackers have access to all the data and information when they have the right password, and they can use such data to tune the way they want. It also includes tricking people into breaking the password, outright guessing, or accessing the password database.

Final words

We have provided you with the different kinds of cyber security threats. However, this is by no means exhaustive and is only indicative. You can learn more about them by signing up for a cyber security certification online from Great Learning. It can help you understand and combat the threats to protect the data and information.



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