While income for the year increased by 20.14%, expenditure rose by 280.13%, RBI said in its annual report 2021-22 released on Friday.
The year 2021-22 ended with an overall surplus of INR 30,307.45 crore as against INR 99,122 crore in the previous year, resulting in its decrease of 69.42%.
Last week, the central board of directors of RBI had approved transfer of INR 30,307.45 crore surplus to the government.
“The size of the balance sheet increased by INR 4,82,633.14 crore, i.e, 8.46% from INR 57,07,669.13 crore as on March 31, 2021 to INR 61,90,302.27 crore as on March 31, 2022. The increase on the asset side was due to rise in foreign investments, domestic investments, gold, and loans and advances by 4.28%, 11.67%, 30.07% and 54.53%, respectively,” said the report.
On the liability side, the increase was due to rise in deposits and notes by 16.24% and 9.86%, respectively.
RBI said the domestic assets constituted 28.22% while the foreign currency assets and gold (including gold deposit and gold held in India) constituted 71.78% of total assets as on March 31, 2022 as against 26.42% and 73.58%, respectively, as on March 31, 2021.
Provisions of INR 1,14,567.01 crore and INR 100 crore were made and transferred to Contingency Fund (CF) and Asset Development Fund (ADF), respectively, RBI said.
On gold holdings, it said as on March 31, 2022, total gold held by the Reserve Bank was 760.42 metric tonnes as compared to 695.31 metric tonnes as on March 31, 2021.
“The increase is on account of addition of 65.11 metric tonnes of gold during the year.”
RBI said the value of gold (including gold deposit) held as asset of banking department increased by 37.11% from INR 1,43,582.87 crore as on March 31, 2021 to INR 1,96,864.38 crore as on March 31, 2022.
This increase is on account of addition of 61.59 metric tonnes of gold and also due to increase in the price of gold and depreciation of INR vis-à-vis USD, said the report.
On the expenditure side, the total expenditure of the Reserve Bank increased by 280.13% from INR 34,146.75 crore in FY21 to INR 1,29,800.68 crore in FY22, it said.
However, its total employee cost during the year decreased by 19.19% to INR 3,869.43 crore from INR 4,788.03 crore in the previous fiscal.
The decrease was due to decrease in Reserve Bank’s expenditure towards accrued liabilities of various superannuation funds in 2021-22, RBI added.